A Channel-billed toucan (scientific name: Ramphastos Vitellinus) is one of the most interesting-looking birds out there.
It belongs to the bird family named Ramphastidae. The reason they are called ‘Channel-billed’ is because of their peculiar beak, which gives a slight impression of a water channel.
However, Channel-billed toucans are not just well known because of their distinct bill.
They have several physical attributes that make them easily recognizable. Not only that, but these beautiful birds also have subspecies that are unique and strikingly beautiful in their own way.
How to identify a Channel-billed toucan?
The following three factors are generally enough to identify a Channel-billed toucan:
- The appearance of a Channel-billed toucan
The most splendidly unique feature of a Channel-billed toucan’s body is its black-colored bill.
This huge bill, which takes up around one-third of the length of its body, also sports a generally blue-colored channel-like line at the beginning and the upper side of it.
Moreover, the majority of the body of a Channel-billed toucan is also covered with black-colored feathers, except for patches of yellow and white-colored feathers on its chest.
It also has reddish-orange colored feathers under its chest and tail.
A Channel-billed toucan has sky blue-colored skin around its eyes, which gives an impression of an eye ring.
- Calls of a Channel-billed toucan
Channel-billed toucan makes calls that sound almost like shrieks. They are high-pitched, loud, and slightly distinct from other toucans.
Though Channel-billed toucans are not overly noisy birds, they can get shrieky and noisy when they are in groups.
- Size and weight of a Channel-billed toucan
The size of a Channel-billed toucan is almost comparable with other toucans at around 19-20 inches on average.
Their bill by itself is around 5-6 inches long. However, even at that length, they weigh roughly around 300 to 400 grams.
History and origin of Channel-billed toucans
Which country or countries are Channel-billed toucans native to?
Channel-billed toucans are native to the tropical forests in several parts of South America, and also to Trinidad, especially the Caribbean island.
What is the habitat of Channel-billed toucans?
Channel-billed toucans are mainly found in lowlands and woodlands. They are known to live in tropical forests and rainforests. They live in the hollows created in the trunks of trees, just like other toucans.
Do Channel-billed toucans migrate?
Channel-billed toucans are known to travel short distances, either by themselves or in pairs and groups. However, these birds are not known to migrate. They usually tend to stay in the same area throughout their lives.
What are the subspecies of Channel-billed toucans?
There are three recognized subspecies of Channel-billed toucans:
- Yellow-ridged toucan
- Citron-throated toucan
- Ariel toucan
All three of these subspecies were considered to be different species altogether, and even had different scientific names of their own.
Only recently were they recognized as the subspecies of the Channel-billed toucans.
These three subspecies are known to breed among themselves without any issues.
Comparing the three subspecies of Channel-billed toucans:
|Former Scientific name||Formerly, they were known as Ramphastos culminatus.||Formerly, they were known as Ramphastos citreolaemus.||Formerly, they were known as Ramphastos ariel.|
|Current Scientific name||Currently, recognized as Ramphastos vitellinus culminatus.||Currently, recognized as Ramphastos vitellinus citreolaemus.||Currently, recognized as Ramphastos vitellinus ariel.|
|Discovery||Yellow-ridged toucans were discovered in 1833 by an English ornithologist named John Gould.||Citron-throated toucans were discovered in 1844 by an English ornithologist named John Gould.||Ariel toucans were discovered in 1826 by an Irish zoologist named Nicholas Aylward Vigors.|
|Commonly found in||Yellow-ridged toucans are commonly found in upper parts of Amazonia, including parts of western Venezuela and northern Bolivia.||Citron-throated toucans are commonly found in humid lowlands and woodlands of northern Columbia and north-western Venezuela.||Ariel toucans are commonly found in central and eastern parts of Brazil, toward the south of the Amazon river.|
|Appearance||Yellow-ridged toucans are quite similar to the general Channel-billed toucans, except for their white throats and a patch of lightly colored yellow feathers at the front of their chests. They also have a yellow line on the upper part of their bills.||Citron-throated toucans are similar to yellow-ridged toucans, but their throat area has feathers with a clear yellowish hue. They also have a yellowish-orange line at the beginning of the bill. Their irises are also slightly pale blue in color.||Ariel toucans have deep yellow and orange-colored feathers on their throats. The color at the beginning of their bills is also deep yellow. They have blue irises but the feathers around the eyes are red in color.|
How long do Channel-billed toucans live?
Channel-billed toucans are known to live from 15 years to up to 20 years. They are not known to live past their twenties.
Behavioral characteristics of Channel-billed toucans
- The personality of Channel-billed toucans
Channel-billed toucans, like the majority of the toucans, are quite friendly in nature. They prefer to stay in pairs and also in groups.
They are quieter than a lot of other birds. These toucans are also intelligent birds that can learn tricks easily.
It is easy to train them, especially if they have been in captivity since birth or since a very young age.
- The temperament of Channel-billed toucans
While Channel-billed toucans are generally considered to be gentle birds, they can get aggressive if they feel threatened by someone.
They are quite sensitive in nature, and hence, as adults, don’t engage with other species that much.
- Can Channel-billed toucans be kept with other birds?
Channel-billed toucans can be kept with other birds only when they have been trained to be with them.
Otherwise, there are chances of increased tension between them and the other species. They should preferably be kept in different aviaries until they are familiar with each other.
Are Channel-billed toucans considered endangered?
Channel-billed toucans are not considered endangered birds. However, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (also known as IUCN) has put them under the category of ‘Vulnerable’.
This means that even though they are not on the verge of getting extinct any time soon, their population is decreasing in number.
Who or what are the predators of Channel-billed toucans?
Channel-billed toucans are usually preyed upon by other wild animals and wild birds, such as snakes, hawks, capuchin monkeys, jaguars, ocelots, and more.
Moreover, they are victims of hunting done by humans – be it for their meat or their feathers. They are captured to be kept in captivity by many people who are simply fascinated by their beauty.
Can Channel-billed toucans be kept as pets?
If given the proper care, Channel-billed toucans can be kept as pets. While they are not very famous for being pets, they are rather desired for their unique appearance and friendly nature.
However, because they are listed as ‘Vulnerable’ by IUCN, it is advised to set them free in the tropical lowlands and forests, where they are known to thrive.
What does a Channel-billed toucan eat?
Channel-billed toucans are really fond of most types of fruits. Their long tongues make it easier for them to be able to swallow different kinds of fruits and berries.
However, they are known to eat insects, lizards, worms, and even small birds equally well. Hence, the majority of the Channel-billed toucans consume an omnivorous diet.
Can Channel-billed toucans fly?
Channel-billed toucans can fly. It is more common to see them hop and be on their feet than to see them gliding in the air.
How far can a Channel-billed toucan fly?
Channel-billed toucans are known to fly short distances. They are often seen flying from one branch of a tree to the other, or from the ground to a branch or to the roof of their aviaries or to a perch.
In a single flight, Channel-billed toucans are known to cover less than one hundred meters.
Interestingly, even though Channel-billed toucans prefer to stay on the ground, they are known to travel up to an altitude of 1700 meters at times.
How to identify the gender of a Channel-billed toucan?
Both genders of Channel-billed toucans look quite identical. Only DNA tests can accurately determine the gender of a particular Channel-billed toucan.
However, there are slight differences between the males and females of this species that can be helpful in identifying the gender of someone with a keen eye.
|Basis||Male Channel-billed toucans||Female Channel-billed toucans|
|Appearance||Appearance-wise, male Channel-billed toucans have somewhat larger bills to an extent. However, this would not be apparent unless the pair are seen together.||Female Channel-billed toucans are slightly shorter than their male counterparts and have a slightly more bulky appearance.|
|Temperament||Males generally tend to be more aggressive easily.||Females are not known to be as aggressive as males.|
All about breeding and egg-laying of Channel-billed toucans:
- Channel-billed toucans breed once per year. They are known to be monogamous. This means they will breed with the same partner during each breeding season.
- Their mating ritual involves giving fruits to one another.
- They build their nests in the hollows of the trees that are already created by some other birds. They choose to breed in nests that are higher up on the trunk.
- They lay around 2 to 4 eggs each year.
- Both the parents are equally involved in the incubation process, and both of them take an equal part in raising the chicks.
- The chicks are born without any vision and without any feathers on their skin. It takes them up to 16-18 days to start developing and can take up to 3-4 months for their bodies to develop fully.
- Breeding in captivity can be slightly dangerous and less effective as compared to when they breed naturally.
Considering how beautiful they are, Channel-billed toucans are always in demand to be shown at exhibitions or to be kept as pets.
However, while they can be allowed a decent life in captivity, it is when they’re in their natural habitat that they truly prosper.