Curl Crested Aracari Toucan – Pteroglossus Beauharnaisii | Facts and Everything About It:

The curl-crested aracari is one of the 40 species of toucan bird. 

Intro Video - Backtobirds
Intro Video - Backtobirds

It is also considered one of the most vibrant of the toucans and the most exquisite one. Its crest is the reason it has been named as such.

Here are some amazing facts about this aracari toucan that you will love.

How To Identify A Curl Crested Aracari Toucan?

You can identify it through its spectacular plumage. Also, its crest is the reason why it is easily distinguishable. 

Its crest looks like plastic curls. Also, it has a red band across its chest, making it stand out.

Curl Crested Aracari Toucan- Appearance and Behavior

Curl crested aracari toucan is the same as its other family patterns. However, its unique appearance and behavior are discussed here.


It’s a small toucan that is known for its crest. It has a curly crest that looks like plastic curls because it shines. 

Its crown is gray. It has dark green feathers, with a red mark on its back and yellow. Its face is covered in white feathers, which are black at the tip. 

Its breast is a vibrant yellow with a red and black band across it. The underparts are yellow with red splotches.

It has a blue eye-ring around its eyes. Like other toucans, it also sports a heavy colorful bill. The tip of both the lower and upper bill is orange. 

The rest of the lower bill is white, while the upper one is vibrant. It has a maroon and sky-blue color pattern. 

There is also a hint of yellow on the bill. It has big black eyes. This toucan has a long tail with a green and bronze tint. 

They are Zygodactylous, meaning they have four toes, two facing forward and two facings backward. It helps them grip the tree branches strongly. 

The crest of the toucan is curly. It looks like a curled ribbon or plastic, shiny and black. It is clearly visible from close.


Like other toucan species, curl crested aracaris are social birds flying in a flock of up to 12 birds. They are arboreal and terrestrial birds and often come down on the ground for feeding. 

Their day-to-day life involves hopping on the trees and foraging together in a group. They are also very noisy but less when compared to other toucans. 

They make a distinct rek sound. They use different kinds of sounds for different purposes.

History, Scientific Name, and Origin Of Curl Crested Toucans

Curl crested aracari toucan belongs to the Ramphastidae family. These are near-passerine birds and were first described in 1832. Johann Georg Wagler was the first to talk about these beautiful birds.

Their scientific name is Pteroglossus beauharnaesii. They belong to the kingdom Animalia, class Aves, order Piciformes, genus Pteroglossus, and species beauharnaesii.

Their curly crest is the reason it is called curl crested aracari. It resembles a lot the Chestnut-eared aracari, which also flaunts the same yellow breast and red band.

How To Identify The Gender Of The Curl Crested Aracari Toucan?

It’s not easy to identify the gender of the curl crested aracari. They are monomorphic. The slightest difference lies in their bill. The male aracari has a slightly large bill than the female.

The best way to identify their gender is to use the DNA testing method.

How Big Is A Curl Crested Aracari Toucan?

It is a small toucan species. Its average length is 16-17 inches.

How Much Does A Curl Crested Aracari Toucan Weigh?

It weighs approx. 160-280 grams.

Curl Crested Aracari Toucan Habitat And Migration

The bird is mostly found in South America, spanning countries such as Brazil, Peru, and Bolivia. 

They live south of the Amazon in lowland forests. They reside in an area of 2870000 square kilometers.

Subtropical and tropical areas are their favorite. They love riversides, and the Amazon basin is their beloved habitat in Peru and Brazil. They live among fruity trees in the canopy of forests.

These are non-migratory birds. Since they love to live a low-key life, they keep changing their places in the terra firme forest but don’t leave their native region.

How Long Do Curl Crested Aracari Toucan Live?

Their lifespan is around 18 years. They need proper care to reach their standard age if kept in captivity.

Egg Laying And Breeding Of Curl Crested Aracari Toucan

Their breeding season starts in May and ends in August, but sometimes it is stretched to even November or December.

Very little is known about their mating process or how they choose their mates. They are suspected of slapping their bills on prospective mates and offering them fruit. 

The breeding couple separates themselves from the flock and spends most of their time building a small nest and starting the egg-laying process.

Toucan’s bill is not made for making nests. Thus, they find tree cavities and establish their nest in them. 

The males make a nest which the female approves, or the male makes the necessary changes. Then a few wooden chips are laid down, and the rest is covered with seeds and fruit pits to make it comfortable.

Once settled, the female lays 2-6 shiny, white eggs. The incubation lasts for 16-18 days. After that, both males and females incubate the eggs. 

The eggs are hatched for not more than one hour at a time. After incubation, blind and naked aracaris came out. 

They are indistinguishable from any other bird chick. Their pads are thick to avoid any damage from the rough nest floor.

The responsibility of feeding the chicks and taking care of them is divided equally between both parents. 

They incubate them, feed them, clean the nest, and train their chicks. Their older brothers and sisters also help in taking care of them. It takes approx. 45-50 days for the chick to fledge.

Curl Crested Aracari Toucan Diet

Most toucans are frugivores, i.e., who feed on fruits. Curl-crested aracari toucans are also expected to fall in the same category. 

Figs and Ocotea are their favorite fruits. Also, the area they inhabit is abundant in fruits, so fruits form a majority of their diet. 

They also come to the forest grounds to feed on seeds. They also play a major role in spreading the seeds to different parts of the forests.

They are notorious birds that also eat the eggs of other birds. It is a survival instinct and mostly happens when the bird is nesting. Small insects like spiders, frogs, and lizards also make part of their diet.

What Are The Predators Of Curl Crested Aracari Toucan?

Large birds hunt this beautiful toucan. The major culprits are Ornate Hawk-Eagle, White Hawk, and Collared Forest Falcon.

Why Is The Curl Crested Toucan Endangered?

This aracari bird is not endangered. Yes, its population is rapidly decreasing and is expected to decrease faster shortly due to Amazonian deforestation. But it is out of danger presently. Also, no conservation plans are working for it.

Another bigger threat to them is humans. Humans hunt them for their long bill.

Do They Make Good Pets?

The curl crested aracari toucan is a docile bird. Also, it is very intelligent and shy. It can easily stay with other birds. If you raise it from a baby, it will make a very good pet.

Though it is not very popular in the US as a pet bird, with the increasing popularity of exotic birds, it occupies significant space in zoos and national parks.

What Are Curl Crested Aracari Toucans Good For?

They are foraging birds who love to live peaceful life in forests. But recently, they have been considered a good choice for a pet due to their peaceful nature.


This is all about curl crested aracari toucan. These uncommon birds are very social, and keeping them in captivity is not a very good idea.