Green Aracari Toucan – Pteroglossus viridis | History, Diet, Care & Complete Guide:

The Green Aracari Toucan (scientific name: Pteroglossus Viridis) is one of the most peculiar-looking birds in the world. 

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Not only is it one of the smaller-sized toucans existing in the world at present, but it is so different from a regular-looking toucan in appearance, that if it weren’t for its huge bill and similar habits, it would be easy to mistake it for another species altogether.

How to identify a Green Aracari toucan?

The following measures are good enough to use to identify a Green Aracari toucan:

1. The appearance of the Green Aracari toucan

Green Aracari toucans have dark green-colored feathers on the backs of their bodies, including their wings and tails – which is the main reason they have “Green” in their name. 

The front side of their bodies, starting from their chest, is covered with bright yellow-colored feathers.

Their bills are also uniquely colored with a combination of black, red, and yellow patches on them. Not only that but their bills are also shaped in a unique way that portrays an almost zig-zag-like design toward the side of their bills.

 The skin around their eyes is blue in color, and gives an impression of a typical “toucan’s eye-ring”. Their irises are usually red in color.

2. Identifying the gender of a Green Aracari toucan:

Male Green Aracari toucans have black-colored feathers on their heads and necks, while female Green Aracari toucans have dark reddish-brown colored feathers on their heads and necks.

This is the only appearance-based feature that differentiates the males from the females in this species. Other than this, they look almost identical.

Green Aracari toucans, unlike the majority of the toucans, can be easily differentiated into males and females according to their appearance.

3. The size of the Green Aracari toucan

Green Aracari toucans are measured at just between 12 to 16 inches on an average range. This makes them one of the smallest living toucans in the world at present. 

4. The weight of the Green Aracari toucan

Green Aracari toucans weigh around 100 to 150 grams on average. This also makes them one of the lightest living toucans in the world at present.

What does a Green Aracari toucan sound like?

The sounds or calls that a Green Aracari toucan makes could be described as a concoction of a cry, a shriek, and a grunt. 

It is often high-pitched and loud as well. However, they are not known to be overly noisy birds.

How long does a Green Aracari toucan live?

Green Aracari toucans are known to live for 5 to 7 years on average. However, there have been cases where Green Aracari toucans kept in captivity and/or as pets have lived for longer than 10 years. 

What are the behavioral characteristics of a Green Aracari toucan?

The following points help in understanding the behavioral characteristics of a Green Aracari toucan in a better way:

PersonalityGreen Aracari toucans are very intelligent and playful birds. They are easy to train and they can learn tricks with much ease as well.
TemperamentGreen Aracari toucans are known to be some of the most affectionate toucans in the world. They warm up to their owners in less time and are generally very active.
Response to threatGreen Aracari toucans are known to tend to flee when they feel a threat from some predator. They also tend to get loud and noisy at the same time.
SociabilityGreen Aracari toucans are considered very social and they tend to spend a lot of time in pairs and/or groups. 

What does a Green Aracari toucan eat?

Green Aracari toucans are omnivorous birds who eat fruits as well as smaller birds, eggs, insects, and worms. Like most toucans, Green Aracari toucans are mostly fond of all sorts of fruits, especially berries.

How well does a Green Aracari toucan fly?

Green Aracari toucans are decent flyers that can fly short distances fairly well. They are known to hop or walk from one place to another and don’t fly unless they need to get to a branch of a tree, to a perch, or to flee from a predator.

Green Aracari toucans flap their wings in a brisk and swift motion once they are in the air. And then they can even glide through the air once they have their balance.

However, this does not mean that they fly too far-off places. At the most, they usually fly less than a hundred meters in a single flight.

History and origin of Green Aracari toucans:

Which places are the Green Aracari toucans native to?

The Green Aracari toucans are native to the tropical forests and lowlands of northern South American countries. 

In which countries are the Green Aracari toucans commonly found?

At present, the Green Aracari toucans are most commonly found in the South American countries of Venezuela, Columbia, Surinam, and Guyana. 

Habitat, nesting, and migration of the Green Aracari toucans:

The natural habitat of Green Aracari toucans:

Green Aracari toucans prefer to live in lowlands and woodlands where they don’t need to fly that much. They prefer to live in places where food is easily accessible to them, which is true in the case of lowlands and woodlands.

Where do Green Aracari toucans build their nest?

Green Aracari toucans build their nests in the hollows or cavities in the tree trunks, just like most of the other toucans. They usually nest in a cavity already formed by some other bird, like the woodpecker.

Do Green Aracari toucans migrate?

Green Aracari toucans are not known to migrate. They can be seen traveling around the area that they live in, from time to time, but they do not usually migrate to an entirely different area.

How are Green Aracari toucans different from other toucans?

The Green Aracari toucans are different from other toucans because of the following reasons:

  1. The main point of distinction between Green Aracari toucans and other toucans is that the Green Aracari toucans can be raised really well in captivity as compared to other species of toucans. 
  1. Moreover, Green Aracari toucans are the ones that are bred very frequently and successfully in captivity among all other toucans. 
  1. They are also one of the friendliest species of toucans. And hence, have the most demand.

What are Green Aracari toucans good for?

Green Aracari toucans are mostly used for the following purposes:

  1. Green Aracari toucans are wonderful pets

Owing to their affectionate nature and the ease in taming and training them, the Green Aracari toucans are greatly desired as pets. 

Not only can they be trained to return to their aviary after a short flight, but they can also be trained to excrete their feces at a particular place.

  1. Green Aracari toucans are great at exhibitions

Green Aracari toucans are intelligent enough to learn tips and tricks in a short amount of time, and hence, are in demand for exhibitions at zoos and shows for the majority of the time. They are often found at zoos because it is relatively easier to take care of them.

  1. Breeding purposes

Green Aracari toucans are also sought after by breeders because they have a high success rate of breeding. It has been said that in May 1980, these birds were bred for the first time in captivity.

Egg laying and breeding of the Green Aracari toucans:

  • The breeding season for Green Aracari toucans begins in February of each year and extends till June of the same year.
  • These birds require large-sized aviaries because they are fairly active as compared to other toucans.
  • When not in captivity, they lay the eggs in the cavity of the tree where they nest. The female Green Aracari toucans lay 2-4 eggs each year.
  • Both the parents are equally involved in the incubation of the eggs and the raising of the chicks. The incubation period lasts from 16 to 20 days.
  • It is said that even though chicks become capable of flying on their own by the time they are 5 weeks old, the parents still continue to feed and take care of them until they are 7-8 weeks old.

Is the Green Aracari toucan endangered?

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, also known as the IUCN, The Green Aracari toucans are listed under the category of ‘Least Concern’. 

This means that they are not endangered, and not at the risk of going extinct any time soon.

What or who are the predators of Green Aracari toucans?

Green Aracari toucans are generally preyed upon by wild birds and animals that are much greater in size than them. For example, hawks, eagles, wild monkeys, snakes, owls, and more.

Escaping from them is one of the reasons why they prefer to make their nests higher up on the tree trunks.


While it might sound like Green Aracari toucans are one of the easiest birds to handle, these birds require a lot of care and attention in order for them to be raised well. 

Not only should their diets and residing spaces be focal aspects in taking care of them, but it is also equally important to make them feel safe and loved. 

That way, they feel free enough to be the affectionate toucans that they are known to be.

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