Jacobin Pigeon | Everything About It, Care, Breeding & Maintenance

Among the different varieties of birds that I pet at my farm, Jacobin pigeons are amongst the most alluring and eye-catching ones. 

The Jacobin variety of pigeons originally known to hail from India is loved by many for its bright and colorful appearance.

The birds are extremely gullible and can act weird at times. My Jacobins love to eat grain and feeding and watching them gives me a wholesome feeling. 

Related Read: Wheat For Pigeons | Do Pigeons Eat Wheat Grains? Can I Feed Squabs With Wheat?

If you are interested to know about the Jacobin Pigeons and want to pet them, read this guide.

What is a Jacobin Pigeon? 

Jacobin Pigeon is a variety of pigeons developed by selecting breeding of the pigeon birds. The breeding was done to produce a fancy and colorful variety of pigeons that is alluring in appearance.

The pigeon came into existence in India and slowly spread throughout the world due to its quirky colors and extreme popularity among animal lovers.

The Jacobin pigeons have a distinct hood and it is an especially of the word.

The wild rock pigeons are understood to be the ancestors of these Jacobin pigeons. The wild rock pigeons are also known by the name of feral pigeons in many parts of the world.

The name Jacobin was given to the word as it resembles the french monks who are known for their special hoods. The monks are called jacobean monks and so the name Jacobin pigeons.

How to identify a Jacobin Pigeon?

The basic traits of Jacobin pigeons that helps them in their identification are:

  • They are having a medium stout
  • Body type is slender with very less fat on the body
  • The Jacobin pigeons are generally taller than many other popular varieties of the bird
  • The Jacobin pigeon has a rosette of feathers over the head. It is visible from both sides of the head
  • The first one is the mane located behind the head.
  •  The second one is the hood at the top of the head of the bird.
  •  The third one is the cravat, the cravat is located near the chest and is connected from the chest to the head.
  • The Jacobin pigeon has many varieties and it is available in shades of white, black, yellow, and red.

Apart from these specific traits, the Jacobin pigeons have long necks. The hood remains away from the shoulder. The birds are more shouldered as compared to other breeds of the pigeon

Where are Jacobin pigeons from?

India is known as the native originating place of India. A large number of Jacobin pigeons live in India. The evidence suggests that the Jacobins are in existence for as long as the 1500s.

The bird goes through different stages of breeding. The long run of breeding has resulted in a large variety of the Jacobins. 

Evolution has evolved the bird’s biology into one that makes them highly adaptive to different climatic conditions.

The bird is now bred in different regions of the globe. Their highly adaptable natures allow them to survive in different regions of the world. 

Bird Enthusiasts around the world still prefer to breed the Jacobins. 

What are the Characteristics of Jacobin Pigeons?

  • The Jacobins are very picky and self-dependent birds. Both males and females are very egoistic and love to breed in their own space.
  • The Jacobins love to dominate and mark their territories. Pet Jacobins will fight with each other and the male often mark their territory by standing over the cages. You can notice many Jacobins fighting with each other to claim ownership over the cage.
  • The Jacobin pigeons are hard to pet. The birds are very aggressive and are not very affectionate to human beings. In cases of hunger or sickness, they can attack their owners.
  • The female Jacobins are more gentle as compared to the male Jacobins. Children can play and observe female Jacob pigeons easily and it is not recommended to leave children alone with male Jacobins.

Related Read: Do pigeons leave their babies?

Can Jacobin pigeons fly?

Yes, Jacobin pigeons can fly in the air. They are moderate fliers and can fly for a few meters at length. The birds are not ideally suited for long flights and love to rest over treetops and terraces.

How much is a Jacobin pigeon?

The approximate price range of Jacobin pigeons is around $40 to $250 in the market. The prices fluctuate from place to place and are different in different parts of the world.

Apart from the cost of buying the bird. You need to keep in mind the additional costs of their maintenance, food, and other essentials required for the domestication of the bird.

How to raise a Jacobin Pigeon?

You can raise a Jacobin pigeon in your household or bird farms by planting cages for your birds

It is important to have a single cage for a single bird otherwise the Jacobin pigeons will fight with each other and can cause damage to each other.

You need to give special attention to the needs of the Jacobin Pigeon birds from an early age to raise them healthy and free from any disability

At an early age, the Jacobin chicks need a healthy and well-balanced diet.

Hydration should be taken care of, dehydrated birds can get easily ill and may undergo serious trouble. It is important to keep your birds fully hydrated by keeping water drinkers full at all times with fresh water.

Maintain proper conditions for the bird to survive. It is extremely important to protect them from extreme weather conditions like extreme cold or extreme heat. 

You can use heaters in winters and coolers in summers to provide them with ideal conditions.

What do Jacobin pigeons eat?

Jacobins are not very picky with their eating habits. Most of the Jacobin pigeons eat normal bird food available at major stores in cities. 

It is advised to feed your Jacobins with bird food that is rich in proteins, calcium, fats, fiber, and other minerals. A balanced feed is the most appropriate choice for your Jacobins.

You can also feed grains, nuts, leftover food, and other food waste to your older Jacobin pigeons. 

The birds are open to all sorts of food. Keep an eye that you do not feed excess unhealthy foods like junk and sugars.

Related Read: What Not To Feed Wild Birds? ( Harmful Foods For Wild Birds )

How do Jacobin pigeons breed?

The Jacobins usually mate in the last weeks of July. The end of July and the beginning of august is the breeding time for the pigeons.

It is advised that if you are expecting your Jacobins to breed, cut down the feathers near the hood and the vent so that the birds can mate easily without any difficulty. 

It is observed that the hood feathers and other feathers near the vent create difficulty in mating.

After mating, the female Jacobins usually lay a single egg in a day on an alternate basis. The eggs take around 18 to 20 days to hatch. 

The female should be given proper time to sit on the egg for proper hatching of the chicks.

Extra care must be taken in the initial days of the chicks, the beaks of these chicks are very small and they find it extremely difficult to eat and drink. 

You can use droppers or other methods to keep them nourished and warm.

Also, monitor the female Jacobins in the breeding season. As Jacobins cannot see backward, sometimes they are not aware that they have slipped an egg. 

It is your duty to see it and save it from cracking by other birds.

The female Jacobins usually lay 3 sets of eggs in a single breeding season. In each set of eggs, two eggs are laid by the female Jacobin.

Summing it up

Jacobin pigeons are an amazing variety of birds. They are known for the odd hood over their head formed by feathers. 

Jacobin pigeons have a slightly different appearance as compared to other varieties of pigeons. 

They have a shouldered head and a slender neck giving them a quirky appearance. The Jacobins can eat literally anything that is chewable for them, you need to be extra critical of what your birds are eating. 

Jacobin pigeons are beautiful birds and anyone planning to pet them will surely love the birds. Take proper care of your pets and keep loving them!