What Is The Lifespan Of Finches? You Won’t Believe It!

The lifespan of finches varies based on the different kinds of available breeds. They have a decent lifespan; though they don’t live as long as other larger breeds, their lifespan can range from anywhere between 4 to 14 years.

If you are adopting finches, then bear in mind that you might need to care for its food, veterinary needs, and other expenses for up to 14 years.

How long do finches live as pets?

Finches thrive in pairs or groups. If you are planning to get finches, then don’t just get a single finch. 

They live longer in captivity since they don’t encounter hazards and stress faced by finches in the wild. 

With adequate health care, good nutrition, and suitable living conditions, finches can live anywhere between 4 to 12 years. 

What causes finches to die?

Death of finches can be caused by a dozen different factors like insects, cold, and allergic reaction to bacteria; the toxins in the air can also cause it.

Finches are also known to die from the following:

  • Salmonella
  • Avipoxvirus
  • Yersinia
  • Trichomonas

The lifespan of different kinds of finches

House finch lifespan

Native to Western Northern America, the house finch is a member of the wide family of finches. 

A male house finch has a rosy red face with a brown back, while the female has a grayish-brown color with an indistinctly marked face.

House finches are known to live for 10 to 11 years in the wild. Due to environmental dangers and continuous exposure to predators, it becomes difficult for house finches to live that long. In captivity, the house finches can survive up to 12 years.

Lifespan of a Zebra finch

Native to Central Australia, zebra finches are the most popular kind among all finches. They can live for 4 to 5 years in the wild. However, with proper care and adequate protection, they can live for up to 12 years in captivity.

The males of this species have black and white bars on the throat and breast, while the females have gray colored bars on the same spots.

Society finch lifespan

Native to Asia, the society finches are unique as they were not available in the wild. 

They are a result of cross-breeding between sharp-tailed and munia finches in captivity. They usually come in a variegated pattern of dark chocolate and white color.

With good nourishment and protection, the society finch can live up to 14 years in captivity. Their lifespan ranges from 7 to 14 years.

Gouldian finch lifespan

The Gouldian finch is colorful in appearance and is native to the Australian continent. 2500 is the estimated population of this species. 

This endangered finch can live for 5 to 8 years in a cage or an aviary. Gouldian finch requires the largest flying space affordable.

Wild finch lifespan

Wild finches are available in up to 12 varieties in the North American subcontinent. 

Available in various colors and appearances, these birds live for 4 to 5 years on average, and they can live up to 6 or 7 years in captivity.

Yellow finch lifespan

These finches come in vibrant yellow color with extensive black on the wings and tails and white wing bars. 

With a wholesome diet and adequate protection, the yellow finches can live in captivity for 7 to 10 years.

What Cuts Short My Finches’ LIfespan?

It happens once in every bird owners’ life. Especially those who own finches. One day, your bird is healthy and the next day, your bird is sick and then gone. What is it that shortens your finches’ lifespan? 

Related Read: What Do You Give A Sick Bird? How Do You Revive Its Health?


It is more common in birds that live in flocks. They eat together, drink together, and if one bird is infected, it causes infection in others as well. To stop infection, the first thing you can do is to get your flock vaccinated. Yes, these birds get vaccinated and can ward off several infections easily. Also, keep their utensils clean and change the water regularly. The bacteria accumulating in their bowls and water can be deadly and cut short your bird’s life.

Common Cold

Finches don’t sneeze loudly like humans but their common cold is severe enough to take their lives. It usually happens due to the change of weather. When your bird suddenly spends a night in chilly weather different from the sunny days, it causes cold. 

Night Frights

Finches are small birds that love the safety of their cage and thus, they sleep peacefully in it at night.

Covering their cage with a covering at night enhances their sleep as they like a dimly lit place for the night. Sometimes they get terrified by noise, firecrackers, the loud noise of a car, or anything. It can cause night frights and may cause a heart attack, resulting in the immediate death of the bird. 

Related Read: Why Do Bird Cages Need To Be Covered At Night? | Should You Do That?

Internal Injuries

Sometimes, you can’t do anything to help your bird because you are treating the wrong problem. You treat your bird for infection while they may have internal injuries. These injuries may be caused by a fight with other birds.


When you buy a finch from a local pet store, you never inquire about its parents. Most of the time, these birds are inbred, i.e. coming from the same birth line. Inbred birds are smaller, weaker, and more susceptible to illnesses. 


You may not see it, but your finch may be depressed. The reason could be loneliness. Thus, whenever you buy a finch, always buy a pair or keep them in a flock.   


It is not something you can learn about unless you go to the vet. Sometimes, your finches eat something while roaming about. These little birds are good at hiding their pain. 

Related Read: How Do Birds Find Bird Feeders? | Will Birds Come To A Bird Feeder?


Finches are small to medium passerine birds that come in a variety of colors and patterns. 

There are more than 17 different finches in North America alone, with Zebra finches being the most common type. 

Finches live shorter than other large breeds of birds. The lifespan of finches can be anywhere between 4 to 14 years with proper care and adequate protection. 

In the wild, finches are exposed to the dangers of predators and the environment. Thus, they live longer in captivity.

The way to their long life stems from a healthy diet, safe environment, veterinary care, and lots of love.