Lotan Pigeon: History | Fancy Breed Guide | Care & Everything about it:

Domestic pigeons are prevalent throughout Asia and Europe. Amongst them, a terrific pigeon breed is the Lotan pigeon, believed to be the ancestor of many tumbler and roller breeds.

Intro Video - Backtobirds
Intro Video - Backtobirds

Here, we compile all the interesting facts about the Lotan pigeon. Stay hooked! 

What is a Lotan Pigeon? 

A performing breed of Indian fancy pigeons, the Lotan pigeon is renowned for its fast and close rolls executed on the ground or floors.

It can also tumble or roll in the air. The pigeon exhibits a long history and looks so identical to local pigeons that many cannot distinguish and identify them.  

However, its identifying characteristic is that whenever slightly shaken, it rolls.  

History, Origin & Species Profile of Lotan Pigeon 

The Lotan pigeon’s history can be traced from 1590 to 2016 AD. Its name ‘Lotan’ is inspired by the Persian word ‘Lotna,’ which means roll.  

The Lotan pigeon has been reared throughout Mughal history and even by emperor Akbar. You even find this bird mentioned in Kabutarnamah (1788).

The pigeon is believed to be a sub-breed of the tumbler pigeon and showcases better performance than the Parlor Rollers.  

The bird has originated in India though it is most prevalent in Bangladesh today. Even there, it is in the dwindling stage and needs to be preserved.

India and Iran flaunt their best collection. The originality of the Lotan pigeon is fast diminishing in Bangladesh due to cross-breeding.  

The breed is an all-out pet breed and considered unfit to survive in the wild as they can easily hurt themselves when they tumble in the ground or the air.  

Appearance, Characteristics & Behavior of Lotan Pigeon 

The Lotan pigeon is a medium-sized bird that is primarily white in color.  Some even call them small-sized as their size closely resembles the Birmingham Roller.  

It has a crest and groused legs with tiny muffs. Its flying capacity is average. Amongst the Indian Lotan pigeons, you also find the clean leg variety. 

Most Lotan pigeons have long, pointed wings; about a 7/8-inch bill; and a delicate, hooked, and flesh-colored upper mandible. 

It has a long head on which its full, round, and dark eyes are located far back. 

Both the turning crown and the neck feathers can turn in three directions. 

Male Lotans have wings above their broad tail, while female Lotans have wings below their wide tail.  

It tumbles on the ground even when slightly shaken. If you desire to stop its tumbling, you must catch it and blow air into its mouth.  

Lotan pigeons can tumble 100 times at one go. However, after 40-60 tumbles, they tend to slow down due to exhaustion. 

Types, Color & Fancy Variations of Lotan Pigeon 

Lotan pigeons are of three types. In 1886, Alauddin described the three kinds of Lotan pigeons. They are Havai, Dusti, and Kalami.  

While color variations can be found in Lotan pigeons, it is rare, and most are in white.  

Do Lotan Pigeons Fly? All About Lotan Pigeon Flying? 

Lotan pigeons are known more for tumbling in the ground and air. Hence, they are average flyers. 

Amongst the variations, only the Kalami pigeons are good flyers, and they tumble even when touched by a wand or stick.

Kalami pigeons can also stop tumbling on their own, while the other two varieties need to be stopped by a third party.  

Another interesting fact is that while adult Lotan pigeons are not good flyers, their chicks are excellent at flying.  

How Long Do Lotan Pigeon Live? 

Since Lotan pigeons do not live in the wild and are completely tame, they can live for up to fifteen years under the right conditions.  

Are Lotan Pigeons Good Pets? 

Lotan pigeons are good as pets as they do not have any wild variety, but they do need special care as they tend to get aggressive during mating and at times.

They also start tumbling at the slightest touch and need to be stopped manually. Else, they might hurt themselves.  

How Much Do Lotan Pigeons Cost? 

While tumbling, Lotan pigeons get exhausted fast and get short of breath; you need to blow air into their mouth to help them survive. It is because of this fact that Lotan pigeon breeding is banned by many governments. 

Owing to this, Lotan pigeons are few in number. Hence, they come at a much higher cost than other pigeons. The price would also vary from region to region.  

Feeding & Diet of Lotan Pigeons | How to Maintain Them as Pets 

The Lotan pigeon’s diet is similar to that of other pigeons, i.e., it needs a rich grain-based diet of maize, corn, millets, etc.  

According to Sturtevant & Hollander, the bird needs to be fed food equal to one-tenth of its body weight.  

They are typically friendly but require special maintenance. Lotans should be kept a little separate as they tend to get aggressive, especially after mating.  

Guide on Breeding Lotan Pigeons 

Lotan pigeon breeding is abnormal and requires high maintenance as the bird is unnaturally aggressive at these times.

Lotans get ready to breed when they are 5-6 months old.  

The basic guidelines to keep them remain the same as that of other pigeons. 

  • A dry house, well protected from snow, rain, etc.  
  • Mated pairs should be kept separate from the flock.  
  • A fast dry fly pen, if required.  
  • Adequate and contamination-free food ration and a suitable mineral ration.  
  • Contamination-free drinking water of human consumption level.  
  • Sufficient and appropriate nesting materials.  

For the rearing of Lotan pigeons, a semi-intensive system works best. The Lotan pairs tend to fight for incubation and can become very dangerous after hatching.

Hence, you need to be ultra-careful and render special care during the egg-laying, incubation, and hatching phases. The care needs to extend till its squab is 21-30 days old.  

Another care to take is to separate the mating Lotans after egg-laying. It is because males continue cooing which makes the female Lotan aggressive.

Moreover, she does not sit on the eggs post becoming aggressive. 

If you offer less calorie added feed to the Lotans during breed, it helps as it prevents the next early heat period.  

Wrapping Up  

Lotan pigeons are a breed that is fast becoming extinct. However, we should take all necessary steps to preserve this beautiful bird and enjoy its impressive tumbles.