Mukhi Pigeon: Breed Characteristics | Origin | Complete species guide

A Mukhi pigeon is an Indian pigeon with a strongly arched neck and a pure and distinct race.

Like a Fantail, it carries its breast forward, but the tail is slender and close to the ground. They have a calm and peaceful demeanor and are friendly to both other birds and humans. 

What is a Mukhi Pigeon? 

A Mukhi pigeon, also known as Mukhi, is an Indian pigeon of pure and distinct race; it’s a pigeon with the Fantail’s tremulous shaking neck and a close, narrow tail with the usual number of twelve feathers.

The Mukhi is an excellent breeder as well as a feeder.

The Mukhi has a flat head and a longer beak than a regular flying Tumbler; it also has a peak-headed appearance. Dark hazel is the color of the irides.

The upper mandible is white, while the lower jaw blends in with the rest of the bird’s appearance. A line runs across the eyes and the rest of the head is white.

All of the bird’s flight feathers should be white, with the exception of the two longest flight feathers.

The head is frequently foul or unevenly cut, and the flights are frequently foul. Uneven flights are preferable to three or even four on a side, but two on a side is usual.

The Mukhi’s peculiar feature is its tremulous neck trembling, which is never absent and is most noticeable when the bird is salacious.

The cock forcing the hen to nest is unusual; his head and neck sway back and forth constantly, but he never loses his balance. As in most pigeons, the tail is borne horizontally and near to the body.

Birds lacking white flight feathers are regarded as perfect in India.

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What are Mukhi Pigeons good for?

The Mukhi has a long-liver and is a good breeder and feeder.

The parents of Mukhi pigeons are particularly devoted and attentive to their young. If you want to reproduce and grow new birds, this bird is ideal.

This breed is ideal for both novice and expert pigeon owners. They are not only easy to keep, but they also pose a significant challenge to breeders seeking to produce prize show birds.

Where are Mukhi Pigeons from? Its history and origin:

The Mukhi originated in India, which is a pigeon-loving country.

It is thought to be one of India’s oldest fancy breeds, with records dating back longer than those of the great majority of other Indian pigeons.

It was originally described in Francis Willughby’s Ornithology, which was first published in 1676, and it is known to have been transported into England as early as the mid-1600s.

Because of the long-established commercial lines with India, England was an obvious choice, and the pigeon was sold throughout Europe from there.

Karl Koch, an employee of the San Diego (CA) Zoological Gardens, made the first official record of importation to the United States in 1941.

The breed was nearly extinct in England at one point, but it was reintroduced in the 1960s from the United States and South Africa.

How to identify Mukhi Pigeons?  Appearance, characteristics & behavior:

The Mukhi is best described as lively, bold, and joyful. It walks on its toes, which contributes to its energizing stance.

The Mukhi pigeon’s unusual head and neck are the most noticeable physical feature that distinguishes it from other breeds. The breed’s neck is curled at a sharp angle, giving it an almost “S” look in profile!

A thick mane helps to emphasize this design; the pigeon appears to be wearing a collar, with just the crest and forehead in a lighter color, usually white. A well-formed peaked crest should finish the mane.

The cere is thin and fine-textured, and their eyes are huge and expressive with enormous irises.

The Mukhi pigeon has a medium-length beak and a prominent breast that appears relatively huge in comparison to the rest of the slender body.

Mukhi pigeons come in a wide range of colors, but they are always rich and lustrous. Black, dark brown, yellow, blue, silver, and white are the primary hues.

The quantity of white flight feathers in the wings is one of the qualities used to judge show birds, with the amount “acceptable” varying depending on the body color.

Mukhi pigeons have a friendly, calm nature and get along well with other pigeon breeds, especially in groups.

When the Mukhi becomes aroused, one of the most intriguing characteristics about it is that it quivers — its neck is especially tremulous.

They are intelligent and curious, although they are rarely hostile against humans or other birds.

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How to breed Mukhi Pigeons? Mukhi Pigeon breeding tips:

Following the usual rules for pigeon care for the majority of breeds is highly important while caring for a Mookee pigeon.

Experienced pigeon owners will already be familiar with these guidelines, but for those considering adopting a Mookee pigeon for the first time, here are some of the most important things to remember.

  • A comfortable, dry home environment that is sheltered from snow and rain if you reside in a location where those conditions are a possibility.
  • A food source that is safe from contamination.
  • Access to mineral rations that are likewise free of contaminants.
  • Access to potable water suitable for human consumption. Your bird shouldn’t have to drink it if you wouldn’t!
  • A clean home environment with plenty of protective floor covering and a personal commitment to maintain the floor clean.

Mukhi pigeons are striking, if not conventionally attractive, birds that make a delightful pet for someone looking for a fun bird as well as a fun challenge for a patient breeder looking to put their eye for detail to the test.

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Are Mukhi Pigeons good pets?

Yes. Mukhi pigeons make excellent pets. They are intelligent and curious, although they are rarely hostile against humans or other birds.

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Diet of the Mookee Pigeon

The Mukhi pigeon’s diet, like that of most pigeons, consists primarily of grain and seed mixes, which are the foodstuffs for which the pigeon’s beak was created.

To aid digestion, Mookees require a steady supply of fresh water and grit. Fruits, vegetables, and mealworms can be used to supplement diets.

How much does a Mukhi Pigeon cost ?

A Mukhi pigeon can cost anywhere from $30 to several hundred dollars, and it can even cost much more depending on its breeding and competitive history.

Mukhi Pigeon lifespan | How long do Mukhi Pigeons live?

Mukhi pigeons live for a long time. If domesticated, they can live for 8-10 years.

Mukhi Pigeons Breeds and Colors

Mukhi pigeons are distinguished by their colors. The Mukhi pigeons come in a variety of colors.

  • First, there are the blacks, which are a mature color with a deep black color that is nearly shiny in the top animals. In the area of the wings and bandages, minor color variations are acceptable.
  • When it comes to red, it usually has a uniform color.
  • Mookee with rich golden color; lightened wings and tail feathers are OK as long as they are not distracting from the outside.
  • The brown color is of good quality, with a great even chocolate brown coloration. The color of the brown is partly determined by gender and should have no bearing on the grade.
  • The blue-tie and blue-checkered are both in the blue line. Whether the bands are a little wider or narrower, or the hammering is denser or looser, plays a tiny effect here, but neither the bands nor the hammering should exhibit any rust.
  • Due to sex, silver is a stable color that is lighter at 1.0 and darker at 0.1. Because of their deeper coloration, the hens appear hazy, which is acceptable within certain limitations.
  • The Isabella holds a unique place in the coloring scheme, as all other breeds with the Isabella color scheme are yellow with white bars.

The six pale colors are more uncommon. The brown-pale varieties are the most common, and one can place high expectations on the type. Cream with chocolate brown bands should be the color. 


Mukhi pigeons are a rare breed with a magnificent appearance and a wide range of color variations. They’re famed for their long, arched necks.