Among all the diseases that afflict pigeons, eye infections take prominence due to the vision afflictions along with other signs and symptoms. Though there are other diseases where the eye gets infected, here is more information about pigeon eye diseases and treatment:
What Is Conjunctivitis in Pigeons?
Usually, it’s a bacterial or viral infection in the conjunctiva (the membrane surrounding the eye) which leads to the eye tissue becoming inflamed. If left untreated, the infection can spread to the respiratory tracks. Recognizing the symptoms and starting on the pigeon eye disease treatment is important. It has been seen that bacterial infections of Chlamydia psittaci, Staphylococcus spp, or Escherichia coli cause eye infections. While there is a viral infection in the eye due to poxvirus, paramyxovirus, and Newcastle virus that led to conjunctivitis. Other causes of this illness can be due to a variety of parasites and fungi.
What Are the Symptoms of Conjunctivitis In Pigeons?
Though there are multiple reasons that can cause conjunctivitis, it is important to get the pigeons afflicted by the diseases to be professionally diagnosed and treated. Usually, the signs are in the eyes, upper respiratory system, and sinuses. These include:
- Red and inflamed eyes
- Cloudy eyes
- Watery/crusty eyes
- Nostril and eye discharge
- Sneezes and sinusitis
- Inflammation and weakness of the eyelids/face
- Fluffed up and listless
How Are Eye Infections Diagnosed in Pigeons?
The avian veterinarian will consider all of the symptoms of the unwell pigeons, carefully examine the eye and respiratory system to determine the infection. The vet will collect the swab samples from the sinuses, eyes, and trachea to locate and identify the infection. Blood samples might be collected while a PCR test can help detect the pathogens associated with the infection.
How Is the Conjunctivitis Treated in Pigeons?
Though there are some home remedies for bird-eye infection like using saline washes, they aren’t that effective. You have to get it treated properly through medication else the chances of re-infection are high. Additionally, the treatment of this disease includes the heal the underlying infection.
Though topical antibiotic ointments are used to reduce the symptoms the infection may reoccur soon. That is the avian veterinarian recommends adding Tylosin tartrate to the drinking water of the pigeons afflicted with the disease. Oral antibiotics can be administered for two weeks for the treatment of respiratory distress. After that, the condition is re-evaluated and treatment continued or discontinued based on the health and condition of the pigeons.
What is One Eye Cold in Pigeons?
One – eye cold is another eye ailment that affects the pigeons and other bords. The symptoms are similar to conjunctivitides such as red, infected, and inflamed eyes. Normally, it is due to the Mycoplasmosis and Chlamydia combined that leads to the infection. Oftentimes, it may be due to physical injury in the eye or improper ventilation in the loft.
Related Read: Do pigeons feel cold?
Though the symptoms of the mucous discharge are restricted to one eye, both eyes are watery. If it is a severe infection that has afflicted your pigeon, one eye will completely shut.
How Is the One Eye Cold Treatment for Pigeon Done?
Although pigeon watery eyes treatment is not extensive, yet the pigeons need to be given Doxybiotic for 7 days along with Tylobiotic. Oftentimes, the Doxybiotic has to be given for an extra 3 days, if the infection is high. Additionally, it is essential that the pigeons infected with the one eye cold are isolated and given a treatment of Doxybird for 20 days. Even if they are well after 10 days and returned to the loft, the best medicine for a pigeon eye infection that can be given is to continue Doxybird for a total of 20 days.
Prevention is better than cure and it is essential to reduce the chances of infection among pigeons in the loft. To do that you must ensure proper ventilation and avoid overcrowding of pigeons to prevent one-eye colds. Proper cleaning, changing feed and water regularly can ensure the level of dust, which is a harbinger of allergens and bacteria is minimized.
Though eye infections in pigeons are common, prevention is one of the ways to stop the spread. Isolating the unwell birds from the loft to the use of antibiotics to treat the underlying cause can help the pigeons stay healthy and well.