You might see pigeons expel food a lot of times. It might look like vomiting but they are simply regurgitating the undigested contents inside their mouth, gut, and stomach. They do so for natural reasons. However, it is important to know the difference between regurgitating and vomiting.
Vomiting is expelling almost-digested content inside the ventriculus or intestine in liquid form. Pigeon will expulse the food of its stomach forcefully in a very messy manner. Vomiting is not natural and causes discomfort to pigeons. It might be a symptom of some chronic disease or health condition.
Pigeon vomiting treatment
The treatment of pigeon’s vomiting will depend upon the diagnosis. The diagnosis is important first as the reason behind it might vary from simple to chronic. To understand the main cause more invasive testing is required. The vet will physically examine the bird and might take samples of the pigeon’s feces.
A veterinarian will require the following information before deciding the treatment:
- When the vomiting started
- How frequent it occurs
- Whether vomiting is related to a certain event
- What the pigeon is fed
- How is the surrounding environment
- Other signs or symptoms
- Access to general causes
- Other diseases the pigeon may have or had in the past
The primary treatment includes providing medications that help to lessen the pain. Pigeons may benefit from fluids if vomiting is not frequent. If vomiting is due to an infection, the pigeon gets treated with antibiotics. The list of treatment includes:
- Medications including antibiotics, antiparasitics, and antifungals.
- Change in their current diet or nutrition
- Surgery for a blockage
- Therapies for other organ’s diseases
- Removing the toxic agents from the environment
What causes vomiting in Pigeons?
The reasons behind vomiting in pigeons may vary hugely. There might be a simple reason like motion sickness, or a critical like, diseases related to organs. The causes include infections, organ disease, toxicity, something pigeon ate, gastrointestinal disease, blockage, and drug reactions. The following are the causes of vomiting in detail:
The infections in pigeons include parasitic infections, bacterial infections, or fungal infections. Canker, Coccidiosis, Adenovirus are particularly common. Infections with gram-negative organisms are the most common causes.
Heart, liver, or kidney disease, diabetes, gastrointestinal disease or blockage, peritonitis, electrolyte imbalances, trauma are few diseases that may have vomiting as their sign. Trauma includes a bite of another animal which results in internal bleeding or infections.
Nutritional or dietary issues
They include overfeeding, motion sickness, intake of too much protein, vitamin A, D, E, or iron. Younger pigeons are likely to be more sensitive to temperature, consistency of food, and the amount of food given at a time.
Physical or psychological stress
Change in the surrounding environment, people, atmosphere, or weather may cause stress to pigeons which results in vomiting or other health issues. Changed behavior to other birds, mirrors, or even owners is a common cause.
The intake of lead is a very common cause in pigeons. Heavy metals like zinc, arsenic, and lead are toxic. Certain foods like nicotine, chocolate, salt, and avocado also create problems for pigeons. Consumption of pesticides like lindane, organophosphate, and rotenone behave as toxic.
Gastrointestinal disease or compression
These affect the chest or abdomen of birds, including pigeons, by exerting pressure on the digestive system. This includes goiter, crop conditions, egg binding, aerophagia, esophageal stricture, and neoplastic – papilloma, leiomyoma.
Recovery of vomiting in pigeons
Recovery generally depends on the treatment and the cause. The vet’s recommendations and instructions should be followed sincerely. Food may be withheld for some time. Keep the pigeon away from other birds in a quiet place. The medications will make the pigeon more comfortable. Early detection of vomiting, especially in case of chronic disease, helps hugely in recovery and soothing pigeons’ pain.
Generally, it does not take much time for pigeons to recover if the condition is not so chronic or severe. After few days of medications, they will get back to a normal and healthy state,
Related Read: How to Care for Pigeons | Pigeon Keeping for Beginners
If the condition is severe, it might be possible that pigeons have to be hospitalized to keep them under observation. The chances of death are almost negligible unless the condition gets too serious.