Green Peafowl: History | Origin | Breeding | Diet | Interesting Facts

Most people don’t know the fact, but there are three types of peafowls. Peafowls or peacocks are a member of the Phasianidae family. 

The most popularly seen peacock is the blue peacock or Indian peacock, which is vibrant blue on its head and neck and boasts colorful feathers. 

Green peafowl is different. Its head and neck are green. That’s why it’s called green peafowl.

What Does A Green Peafowl Look Like?

An Indian peafowl is easy to distinguish as the male is very vibrant and brightly colored while the female is brown and doesn’t have a long tail like the male. 

But Green peafowls are hard to tell between male and female.

Their necks and heads are a beautiful iridescent green. These feathers look like scales, and the females have a little copper-colored fringe on them.

They have black eyes, which are surrounded by white or light blue color, and a brown color surrounds their ears in females and bluish-green in males. 

The wing coverts in males are blue and their primaries look beautiful buff-colored or vermillion. 

Both males and females have a crest, which is wider in females, while in males, it is thin and tall. Both of them have long legs and long tails. 

The tail of a male is approx. 6 and a half feet long. It has eye-shaped designs on its feathers.  

The peafowls are one of the longest birds as their tail alone is 5-6 feet long. They shed it after mating season, and it looks molted, the same as that of a female. 

It becomes hard to tell them apart. The females are usually dull in color so that they can hide well to protect their eggs.

Where Are Green Peafowls Found?

Green peafowls have been a proud resident of Southeast Asia. 

They are widely found in Myanmar, China, Laos, Thailand, Malaysia, islands of Java, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Northern and Eastern India. Presently, India is not their habitat anymore.

Origin Of Green Peafowl

It is said that the bird is a native of Indonesia. 

Although, some also say that it was found in Japan based on the age-old paintings from Japan. They were imported into the country from Southeast Asia, where it is still found in a large number.

Though the number is not as big as it was in the past, the Green peafowls still call SouthEast Asia it’s home.

Where Do Green Peafowls Live?  

Green Peafowls love tropical regions. They live in the forests, near streams or water bodies, near plantations, savannas, forest edges, and nearby areas. 

They don’t live in rainforests. Subtropical forests are also their home. They can also live in drylands, as their habitats in Vietnam indicate so. But water bodies are a must. 

In Southwest China, they used to live in coniferous and deciduous forests. In Java, shrubby monsoon forests and montane grasslands are their home. So, they live in varied climates.

Green Peafowls Characteristics

Green peafowls are said to be polygynous. The males can have more than one relationship and may also keep harems. 

Although, birds in captivity show different characteristics. These are not very friendly birds. They are shy and don’t live well among humans. 

They live in a group and roost on trees at night up 50 ft in height. Since they are heavy, their flight is short. 

They forage in groups and clean each other with their beaks. They stay together like a family. 

How Many Eggs Do Green Peafowls Lay?

They lay up to half a dozen eggs. Their mating season starts in spring. 

The responsibility of attracting a partner lies on the male’s shoulders. They usually walk with their tails behind them, a little above the ground. But when they want to mate, they spread their feathers like a fan behind them and show off their bright colors. 

After mating, the female takes care of the babies. She makes a nest on the ground and hatches them for 26-28 days. Their little ones are quite active and start flying as soon as two weeks after birth. 

How Long Do Green Peafowls Live?

They live for up to 20 years.

Green Peafowl Vs. Indian Peafowl Vs. Congo Peafowl

There are three types of peafowls. These are differentiated based on their colors and appearances. The three types are discussed below:

Indian Peafowl

It is called the most beautiful among the three. Its name is Pavo Cristatus, and it is mostly found in India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. It is also the national bird of India. 

It is beautiful; blue on the head and neck and silvery green on the wings. Its tail is long with eyespots and looks beautiful when they spread it to attract females. 

In Indian culture, they are celebrated and have been the inspiration for many artworks. They can be seen in rural lands and feed on rodents and reptiles like snakes. 

In India, they say that a peacock has the feathers of an angel, voice of the devil, and walk of a thief.” They have a distinct loud sound that is not sweet like that of a cuckoo. They have long legs and walk silently.

Green Peafowl

Their name is Pavo Muticus. They are native to the islands of Java, Indonesia. 

The green on their heads and necks makes them different from blue peacocks or peafowl. They also have a long tail with eye-shaped vibrant feathers and a long crest. 

The males and females of the Green peafowl species are quite similar in their looks, unlike Indian Peafowls. 

Green peafowls are shyer than Indian peafowl but boast a longer tail than Indian peacocks.

Congo Peafowl

Its name is Afropavo Congensis. It does not even look like a peafowl. If you have only seen Indian peafowl or Green peafowl in your life, then you will find it hard to believe that it belongs to the same family. 

It is a dark blue color on the head and neck, but the color is not very vibrant. The same goes for its wings which are not long. 

Even the males don’t have a tail of feathers like Indian or Green Peafowl. They are found in Africa and look more like pheasants than peafowl.  

Can Green Peafowls Fly?

Yes, despite their long tail and heavy weight, they can fly. They don’t cover large distances like other birds but run for a while and then take off. 

Their top speed is 16 km/hr. Their wings are 1.2 – 1.6 meters long.

Green Peafowl Sound

Peafowls are notorious birds when it comes to sound. They indeed sound like the devil. They communicate with each other using their distinct loud voice, which is unpleasant to the ears. 

They make a loud ki-wao sound, while females make an aow-aa sound. In rural areas of their natural habitat, you can listen to their voices in the morning. 

In old times, when they used to live in palaces, their sound was the reason they were shown the door. They roost from their trees in the mornings, and it disrupts the nearby residents. 

Related Read: How Do Birds Find Bird Feeders? | Will Birds Come To A Bird Feeder?

Do Green Peafowls Make Good Pets? Are They Aggressive?

Green peafowls are shy and don’t make good pets. Besides, before taking home a peafowl, check the wildlife laws of your country as these birds are endangered and thus protected. 

In the wild, they make their territories and don’t like anyone near them. They can be quite aggressive when encountered by a human. 

Peacocks don’t have the habit of living with humans, and thus, they are not good pets.

Is The Green Peafowl Extinct?

No, green peafowl is not extinct. Its global population is still around 15-30 thousand. 

Yes, it is prey to poaching due to its beautiful feathers, and thus, its population dwindled in the 2000s. Then various governments declared it an endangered bird, and thus, it is illegal to keep as a pet in certain countries. 

You cannot keep a green peafowl or Congo peafowl in the US, but you can keep an Indian peafowl. 

Uses Of Green Peafowls

Green peafowls are not used for anything. They are endangered birds, and thus, their farming or keeping them as pets is not allowed. 

They are often killed for their feathers, and thus governments around the globe are making laws to protect them.

What Do Green Peafowls Eat?

Peafowls are omnivores. They eat seeds, fruits, and berries, as well as snakes, frogs, insects, and other small animals. 


A Green Peafowl is a beautiful bird which is also why this species is endangered. It is a national bird in India and is also worshiped alongside Lord Kartikeya. 

In Myanmar, it was a symbol of the Burmese Monarchs. In old Japanese paintings, this bird can be found as it has inspired several artworks around the globe. 

If you like to keep it as a pet, learn about its conservation status in your country. Also, this is a large bird that doesn’t like cages. It requires huge spaces, so make your decision after due consideration. 

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